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Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty established under the umbrella of the United Nations Framework Convention from Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Kyoto Protocol seeks to cut down average of five per cent against 1990 levels over the five-year period 2008-2012 and assigns differing mandatory emission reduction targets to 37 industrialized countries and the European community who ratified the Protocol (Annex I Parties). Under the Treaty, countries must meet their targets primarily through national measures. However, the Kyoto Protocol offers them an additional means of meeting their targets by way of three market-based mechanisms as follows:
Greensafe positions itself as a service provider offering an integrated and seamless approach to the business of energy, environment and sustainable development, with a specific focus on Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).
Clean Development Mechanism is a mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol that helps Annex I Parties cost-effectively achieve their targets through greenhouse gas mitigation projects in developing countries (non-Annex I Parties). Every ton of carbon dioxide ‘saved’ by a project through activities that go beyond the ‘business as usual’ is equivalent to 1 Certified Emission Reduction (CER), a commodity that can be traded in international carbon markets such as EU ETS. The cash inflow from the sale of CERs enhances the project’s payback period and Internal Rate of Return thereby making the project financially attractive.
Through its association with high profile players in the carbon markets, Greensafe delivers all or part of the following services depending on the project: